The Green Line

Description and Roster

The Green Line is actually four separate lines and a core. Each line has its own unique characteristics as well as history. It includes former streetcar lines, a former heavy rail commuter line, elevated structures, a major river bridge and the oldest continuous operating subway in the United States. Originally served by conventional streetcars ranging from open bench cars, various classes of conventional trolleys, PCC cars and LRV cars the unique characteristics of the Green Line demand current equipment to conform to its unique layout.

Much of the original subway does exist under Tremont with Park Street station being the nucleus of the system. Each of the four branches have their own terminal downtown. Each of the heavy rail subway lines also have connectivity with the Green Line as shown on the map in the background. Of interest is the fact that the subway branches into four tracks under Tremont from the Boylston/Tremont station to Park Street where there is a loop track where trains can either be turned around or terminate at that station. At one time the original subway headed south under Tremont for a while after passing the Boylston station. Because of the junction at that location the original subway had what is called a fly over to permit uninterrupted service on the inbound tracks that otherwise would be interrupted by outgoing cars heading on Tremont. The Tremont line soon became a branch and has since been discontinued. On one side of the Boylston/Tremont station two historic cars are stored behind a fence: a Class 5 conventional streetcar and one of the picture window PCC cars delivered in 1951. The Park Station also has a direct connection to the busy Red Line via a connecting tunnel and stairways. It is also the terminal for the "B" or Boston College Line. Track maps of the area will be furnished showing both the original layout of the area as well as a track plan that is more contemporary.

The next station to the north of Park Station is the Government Center which is located near Boston's City Hall and other government buildings located on a modern concourse. The station itself also has a loop track where trains can turn around as well as being the terminal for the busy Riverside (D) Line. The station is also where passengers can transfer to the Blue Line.

Haymarket is next which is located at Boston's historic North End which features interesting tourist attractions including the Union Oyster House which was established at its present location in 1826 and is the oldest continuous restaurant in the United States. There is also the historic historic walking path as well as other great restaurants in this locale. Haymarket is one of two stations where passengers can transfer to the Orange Line.

North Station is next and has been heavily rebuilt in recent years as part of the Big Dig project. Originally above ground the present station is an extension of the present Green Line subway and is underground. North Station is also the terminal for many of the MBTA Purple Line diesel powered commuter lines that branch out to the west and northern suburbs of Boston. It is also the terminal for the "C" line and has a direct connection to the Orange Line as well. Upon leaving the North Station the line comes out of the subway tunnel and enters the long Charles River bridge. This section was closed and redone a while back. Originally the river was crossed first with a multi-level swing span and later replaced by a conventional draw bridge to permit the flow of boat traffic on the river. The draw bridge was de-activated during the rebuilding of the line. Just north of the former draw bridge is the Science Park Station where the new Science Museum is located also over the Charles River.

The cars leave the Charles River bridge and make a right turn entering the Lechmere station. This northern most terminal of the Green Line serves the "E" or Heath Line. It is also all but untouched from its original layout. It is a multi modal station with buses feeding into the station on both sides of the station. The terminal features a small yard for storing cars and has a loop where the "E" cars can turn around. The 39 bus line has taken over the sections of the former E Line to Arborway that was abandoned by the "T" and mostly uses articulated buses. It offers an alternative service on Huntington to the already busy E line.

At the present time there are two operating classes of light rail vehicles serving the Green Line. The original LRV cars were built by Boeing-Vertol. They were delivered originally in 1976 with a second and smaller order in 1983. The cars were identical to the 1200 class cars delivered for San Francisco's MUNI system and were plagued by a number of mechanical issues including braking. Some of the original cars were not accepted by the Authority and shipped to San Francisco. The additional cars in 1983 were around 20 and were delivered because of the need to replace the then existing PCC car fleet. On 16 March, 2007 the last of the Boeing cars were withdrawn from service as the new Breda Low Floor cars were delivered. Some of the Boeing cars were still on the property as seen on this site in October, 2007. A group of Boeing cars were extensively rebuilt by Amerail in New York State and are distinguished by their white doors. A few are also in "active" non-revenue service as service cars.

The two operating classes of LRV cars running are the Class 7 cars built by Kinki-Scharyo in two separate orders. The 3600 class has 95 cars and were delivered between 1986 and 1988. A smaller subsequent order of 20 cars were delivered in 1997 in the 3700 class. For all practical purposes both series are identical and have a unique streetcar like front with a split windshield. The cars were originally painted green as were the Boeing cars. Upon delivery of the new Breda cars the class 7 cars are being repainted in a teal color to match the newer cars. The class 7 cars can and are coupled with the class 8 cars on all lines including the D line which now has at least one Class 8 on every train. All Class 7 cars do have space for a wheechair by having some of the seats removed next to the center door on the right side.

The newest series are the Breda Low Floor Class 8 cars. 94 of these cars have been delivered. During October, 2007 about 80 of the 100 were delivered and in active service. Unlike the earlier Class 7 cars the Class 8 have a small section above the center trucks permitting more passenger space. In a way it goes back to the old days in the early 1900 when a similar setup was made. Those cars were nicknamed "two bedrooms and a bath"! The end sections of each car is high level seating while the middle and "bath" section are low floor level that allow wheelchair entry without the need of special equipment. Ultimately all Green Line trains will have one of each class to permit compliance with the ADA. A Class 9 LRV is supposedly on the drawing board to replace some of the aging Class 7 cars and possibly to be added when the Green Line extenion is completed on the E branch.

All though single car trains can be seen from time to time the typical operation during the day has two cars. Because of the set up the operator has a fare box that is used at the front of the car where passengers board at stops that lack gates and an agent. On two car trains there is a conductor who opens the doors on his or her half the the train and similarly collects fares and operates the doors. Like the PCC cars they replaced the LRV's have left hand doors for the downtown stations which do have fare collecting devices. To ensure that passengers have boarded or left the train the operator in the lead car has a small mirror on the right side of the front of the car.

This section will cover a little of each of the lines with emphasis on the Riverside (D) line as well as pictures taken of the (C) line in Brookline, (B) Line on Commonwealth and the (E) line at Lechmere Terminal. For those wondering there is no longer an "A" line on the system. The Green Line letter scheme works from north to south. Thus the former "A" Line was the northern most line while the "E" line is the southern.

The Green Line is set for a major addition as plans are underway to extend service from Lechmere to Somerville with a branch to Union Square in Medford serve Tufts University. The tentative year of service is 2014 though parts or all may not be ready now until 2016 to 2020 due to budget issues. . A proposed route has been planned with most of the Medford and Somerville lines running next to one of the commuter rail lines. With this new line or extension of the "E" branch will come additional cars that will have to be ordered. Current plans include a new yard called "Yard 8" which is discussed on the website regarding the expansion plans. , Lechmere will most likely have a new station ti the east of the present location on the new bracn with the present station and small yard being abandonded. . A separate page has been set up on this site with a detailed map.

 


 

 
Links to Green Line Routes
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Green Line (Riverside and Reservoir Carhouses) and Mattapan-Ashmont Line (Mattapan Yard)

Green Line Fleet (226 Green Line cars + 10 cars for Mattapan-Ashmont)

Series

Car type

Built By

Electrical

Year Built

Width

Length

Seats

Cars Active

Out of Service

 3072-3096,3222-3271

PCC (“Wartime” class)

Pullman-Standard

WH

1945-46 (rebuilt 1978-83 and again 1999-2005)

100”

46’

41

10

0

 

3400-3543

Standard LRV

Boeing-Vertol

Garret

1976-78, (3535-3543, built 1978 entered service in 1983)

104”

71’

46

0

15

3600-3699

Type 7

Kinki-Sharyo

WH

3600-3649: 1986-87 3650-3699:1987-88

104”

72’

46

81

15

3700-3719

Type 7

Kinki-Sharyo

Adtranz

1997

104”

72’

46

17

3

3800-3894

Type 8

Breda

Adtranz/Bombardier

1999-2007

104”

74’

44

91

4

 

Green Line Active Fleet 189 cars:

Type 7s: 98 active cars-(all Type 7s can trainline with Type 8s)

Cars painted in new green scheme: 3653, 3656, 3660, 3664, 3678, 3689, 3698

Car painted in teal and gray: 3600-3608, 3610-3612, 3614, 3616-3620, 3622, 3624-3629, 3631-3637, 3639-3647, 3651-3652, 3655, 3659, 3661, 3665, 3674, 3682, 3695, 3700-3702, 3704-3705, 3708-3719

Cars painted in original green scheme: 3658, 3662-3663, 3668-3671, 3673, 3675-3677, 3680, 3683, 3685-3688, 3690-3693, 3696-3697, 3699

Type 8s: 91 active cars

3800-3854, 3856-3861, 3863-3878, 3880-3884, 3886-3894

 

 Mattapan-Ashmont Fleet (10 PCC cars):

3087, 3230, 3234, 3238, 3254, 3260, 3262, 3263, 3265, 3268     (All cars rebuilt 1999-2005, and are painted orange, cars had air-conditioning equipment installed in 2008, 3260 has returned from accident repair at Riverside, A/C equipment being installed)

Green Line Out of Service Cars: 37 cars (15  Boeings, 18 Type 7s, 4 Type 8)

Boeings in dead stored at Riverside, awaiting sale for scrap (15 modified Boeings): 3423, 3424, 3437, 3439, 3468, 3480, 3485, 3491, 3493, 3499, 3500, 3514, 3520, 3526, 3542-(last revenue run was cars 3485 and 3499 on March 16, 2007, MBTA will hold 3424 for Seashore and will hold 3468 as a parts car for the work car fleet, remaining 13 cars expected to be scrapped in 2009)

Type 7s stored wrecked beyond repair at Riverside (4 cars): 3623, 3648, 3667, 3703 - 3667 and 3703 in wreck Spring 2008 near Waban station.

Type 7s, in or awaiting slewing bearing repairs at Riverside (4 cars): 3609, 3615, 3621, 3650

Type 7s in or awaiting drawbar/draftgear/sill repairs at Riverside (6 cars) : 3613, 3630, 3654, 3681-(in repaint), 3706, 3707

Awaiting parts, Riverside (4 Type 7s, 1 Type 8): 3649, 3679-(repainted car), 3684-(repainted car), 3694-(repainted car), 3855

Veh Engineering test car (1 Type 8): 3862

Type 8 derailment/fire damage (1 car): 3879-05/08, spare A-end section from Everett shops may be used to replace damaged original A-end

Unaccepted Type 8s in testing Riverside (1 car):3885

 4 additional Type 8 shells located Everett shops, could be used in future as spare sections to repair/replace damaged sections. Damaged sections of original car 3807 are also stored at Everett.

 Type 7 3600 series overhaul program is expected to start in 2009. In February 2008, the MBTA awarded an engineering service contract to Booz, Allen, and Hamilton to help evaluate if a mid-life program should be performed in-house or contracted out, and to help develop specifications if it is contracted out.

Type 8s accepted for service by year (delivered same year, unless noted):

1999 (5 cars): 3802-(delivered 1998), 3803-(delivered 1998), 3804, 3805, 3808

2000 (2 cars): 3811, 3812 (both cars delivered in 1999)

2001 (12 cars): 3807-(delivered 1999, wrecked 2001, replaced by new car 2007), 3810-(delivered 1999), 3813-(delivered 1999), 3814-(delivered 1999), 3816, 3820-(delivered 2000), 3821, 3822-(delivered 2000), 3834, 3840, 3846, 3847

2002: No cars were delivered or accepted

2003 (10 cars): 3819-(delivered 2001), 3823-(delivered 2001), 3824-(delivered 2001), 3825-(delivered 2001), 3827-(delivered 2001), 3841-(delivered 2001), 3854, 3855, 3863, 3867

2004 (11 cars): 3806-(delivered 1999), 3809-(delivered 1999), 3857, 3858, 3859, 3861, 3864, 3866, 3868-(delivered 2003), 3870, 3875

2005 (3 cars): 3862-(delivered 2004), 3869-(delivered 2004), 3874

2006  (30 cars): 3815-(delivered 2004), 3817-(delivered 2004), 3818, 3828, 3829, 3830, 3831, 3833, 3837, 3842, 3843, 3844, 3845, 3848, 3849, 3850, 3851, 3852, 3853, 3856, 3865-(delivered 2004), 3871, 3872, 3873, 3876, 3877, 3878, 3879, 3880, 3881 

2007 (12 cars, all delivered in 2006 unless noted): 3800-(Original pilot car, delivered in 1998, returned to Breda in 1999, remanufactured and redelivered 2007), 3801- (second test car, first delivered in 1998, returned to Breda 1999, delivered again 2004), 3807-2nd car, replacement for original damaged car, 3826, 3832, 3835, 3836, 3838, 3839, 3860, 3882, 3883, 3884

Cars assembled and delivered August 2007-February 2008: 3885, 3886, 3887, 3888, 3889, 3890, 3891, 3892, 3893, 3894

Car 3807, accepted in 2001 and damaged in a derailment that year, returned to service in 2007. New car was manufactured using carbody sections from an incomplete shell, original damaged sections now stored at Everett shops.

December 1, 2008: Type 8 revenue operation on the Riverside line resumed for the first time since July 2000.

 

Current all-time list of scrapped Type 7s):

Scrapped 1998: 3657-a/3602-b, 3672-a/3630-b

Scrapped 2005: 3638, 3666

 Current status of renumbered and/or remated cars from above lists:

3491 is made from original 3491-A and 3405-B

3499 is made from original 3499-A and 3513-B

Four of the nine cars purchased from Boeing in 1983 were renumbered as follows before entering service:

3535 (ex-3544), 3539 (ex 3546), 3541(ex 3550), and 3542 (ex 3552)

3602 is made from original 3602-A and 3622-B              

3617 is made from original 3617-A and 3621-B              

3621 is made from original 3621-A and 3617-B              

3622 is made from original 3622-A and 3671-B              

3623 is made from original 3623-A and 3679-B (these sections are stored)

3630 is made from original 3630-A and 3672-B              

3639 is made from original 3639-A and 3648-B

3648 is made from original 3648-A and 3639-B (these sections are stored)

3657 is made from original 3657-A and 3602-B (these sections were scrapped)

3671 is made from original 3671-A and 3657-B

3672 is made from original 3672-A and 3630-B (these sections were scrapped)

3679 is made from original 3679-A and 3623-B (these sections are in repair)

 

Historic cars (2 cars stored at Boylston St. Station)


Picture-Window PCC-Pullman-Standard 1951: 3295
Type 5- Brill 1924 (leased from Seashore Trolley Museum): 5734

Green Line Work Cars (13 cars)


CAR #

TYPE

BUILT BY

YEAR BUILT

Location

3417

LRV Rerailer Car

Boeing/MBTA

1976 (converted to work car 1994/95)

Charles x-over

3448

LRV Track Geometry Test Car

Boeing/MBTA

1977 (converted to work car 2005)

Riverside/Reservoir

3453

LRV Maintenance of Way Car

Boeing/MBTA

1977 (converted to work car 1995/96)

Reservoir

4360

Crane Car

MBTA

1986

Reservoir

4361

Generator/Pump/Lift (GPL) Car

MBTA

1990

Reservoir

4362

Trailer Flat Car

MBTA

1988

Riverside

4366

Wire Car

MBTA

1987

Reservoir/Boylston

4368-LS1

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1995

Reservoir

4369-LS2

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1995

Riverside

4370-LS3

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1997/8

Reservoir

4371-LS4

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1997/8

Riverside

4372-LS5

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1998

Reservoir

4373-LS6

Snow-plow (single-truck, non-powered)

MBTA

1998

Riverside

Stored-awaiting removal (3 cars)


3332

PCC Wire Car

P-S/MBTA

1945 (converted to wire car 1990)

Stored Riverside

5138

Type 3 Snow Plow

St. Louis/BERy

1907 (converted to work car in 1927)

Stored Riverside, Sold to Seashore, awaiting move

5164

Type 3 Snow Plow

St. Louis/BERy

1907 (converted to work car in 1927)

Stored Riverside

Peak vehicle requirement for Green Line is 146 cars (20 two-car trains for Commonwealth, 14 two-car trains for Beacon, 21 two-car trains for Highland branch, 17 two-car trains for Huntington Ave., and 1 two-car run as directed trains )

 

 

 
Links to Green Line Routes
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links to other pages
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last updated 23 November, 2014 0:06

copyright 2007-14

Information obtained in part from Wikipedia and BSRA

Roster from NETransit: http://mysite.verizon.net/rtspcc/MBTAroster.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unless otherwise noted all pictures are by Larry Mack and are copyrighted.  These pictures may not be used for other web sites and/or commercial purposes without the express approval by the webmaster.  The "T" and subway map are copyrighted and owned by the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority and are used on this site with their approval.  This site is  not officially affiliated with the Massachusetts Bay Transit Authority.